About Lebanon

About Lebanon

Things to do - general

Beirut or “the house of Law”, being its capital, Lebanon is a small country in the Middle East, with a surface of 10452 Km2 and long a coastline on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea.

Many are the civilizations that crossed Lebanon’s history, enriching its culture and leaving traces and tales. From Phoenician, to Egyptian, Roman, Umayyad, Crusader, and Ottomans, Lebanon landscape is marked by ruins, fortresses, castles, museums and historical sites, scattered about the country and mostly are easily accessible.

Lebanon’s coastline on the Mediterranean Sea, turned it into a gateway to the Middle East, and promoted cultural exchange between the Levant and the West. Lebanon is more than a country; it is a meeting point and a melting pot for civilizations, cultures and people.

The Lebanese respect for traditions, desire to share the beauty of their heritage, and their generous hospitality will captivate your imagination and keep you coming back for more!

Country Lebanon
Languages spokenArabic, French and English
Currency usedLB Lira
Area (km2)

10,452 Km2

Geography & Nature

The natural splendor of Lebanon, its fertile valleys, nature reserve, dramatic mountain landscapes and turquoise coastal waters are only matched by the diverse Landscape. Mountains to climb, forests to hike, clean Mediterranean beaches for a swim, and even snow-fed rivers to raft.

There are more caves, valleys, gorges, and panoramic views than you can possibly manage to explore in just one visit! Nature lovers can enjoy the beauty of Lebanon’s flora and fauna in many of the country’s unique conservation areas.

For the adventurous, there are tours to take you climbing, trekking, biking, paragliding, rafting, and even skiing.

 

History & Culture

Monuments and religious sites throughout the country are treasured reminders of its diverse civilizations, from the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs to the Ottomans, French and many others. The blend of their histories and customs has enriched Lebanon’s culture and traditions.

If the Crusades are your interest, there are fortifications and castles to explore along Lebanon’s coastline. Dozens of Roman temples are scattered throughout the mountains. The Beqaa Valley is a treasure trove of temples. Castles are found in Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, and Tripoli. You’ll also discover beautiful mosques and churches from the Mamluk period.

Exploring Lebanon would not be complete without a taste of its wondrous cuisine prepared with love and added to the generous hospitality of the Lebanese people. Enter any home and you will be greeted with a welcoming smile and a cup of tea or coffee and, of course, delicious Lebanese sweets.

You won’t fully experience Lebanon until you enjoy a leisurely lunch at a table filled with Lebanese mezze. A mezze is a selection of small dishes, as many as 30 or 40, that offer a taste of Middle Eastern delicacies like fresh Tabboule (a salad of parsley and bulgar), hummus (a puree of chickpeas and sesame paste), BabaGhanouj (mashed roasted eggplant, lemon, and garlic), and KibbeNayeh(fresh minced lamb blended with spices and ground wheat in a raw pate). And leave some room for a taste of delicious home-cooked dishes like mujaddara(lentils), a wide variety of vegetables (okra, green beans, or spinach) cooked in savory tomato sauces served over rice, homemade fruit jams, sweets and juices. Cooks, from mothers and grandmothers to professional chefs, use the freshest organic ingredients.

Entertainment

If you like history, anthropology, nature, culture, food, fashion, the beach or the mountains, sports or shopping, Lebanon has always a soft spot in its heart reserved for you.

From nature activities like hiking, biking, skiing, snowshoeing, waterskiing, swimming, mountain trekking, mountain biking, Nature reserves discoveries, caving, extreme sports to historical sight seeing in every village and city, to food tasting, art exhibitions and fairs, concerts and night life, Lebanon welcomes you for a year round activities and discoveries.

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Facts about Lebanon

1. The name LEBANON appears 75 times in the Old Testament.

2. The name CEDAR (Lebanon's tree) appears 75 times too in the Old Testament

3. Compared to the Phoenix, Beirut was destroyed and rebuilt 7 times, due to natural disasters.

4. Byblos (city in Lebanon) is the oldest continuously living city in the world. 

5. The country's name is known to be the oldest in the world and has remained unchanged for over 4000 years.

6. The Phoenicians (Original People of Lebanon) built the 1st boat, and they were the first to sail ever.

7. "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country". Most people associate this quote to a speech made by US President John Kennedy in 1961. In fact, it came from one of Gibran Khalil Gibran's books.

8. King Solomon's temple was built with Lebanon's cedars.

9. Lebanon is the country that has the most books written about it.

10. There are 15 rivers in Lebanon (all of them coming from its own mountains).